Interaction between and among humans, animals and the ecosystem has created an optimum condition for emergence and dissemination of zoonotic, vector and foodborne pathogens. It is reported that every four months a new infectious disease emerges, and about 75 percent of these diseases are zoonotic. Agricultural practices, urbanization, climate change and associated environmental hazards pose a major challenge to public health and zoonotic diseases - as well as the increasing chronic diseases - and have a significant impact on society. Developing regions, particularly sub-Saharan Africa and Asia, are recognized to be hotspots of newly emerging and remerging zoonotic infectious diseases, and are facing a surge in non-communicable diseases.
To narrow the gap in scientific knowledge, technology transfer and scientific networking between partners in the United States and eastern Africa, Ohio State is used electronic and digital systems to capture research findings and partnered in mutually-beneficial training programs. Goals of the projects included: