Alice Marciniak, student, Laval University (Canada)
Rafael Jimenez Flores, faculty mentor
Consumption of dairy products in the United States has been experiencing a decreasing trend. Therefore, dairy industries are focused on the isolation of high value components from their by-products to enhance their valorization. Among highly valuable fractions, milk vesicles, long time considered as a by-product of milk synthesis, are of great interest due to their potential bioactive benefits as well as phospholipids and protein composition. However, their stability through processing is not well known.
In this study, milk vesicles from milk and other dairy side streams (buttermilk and cheese whey) are isolated using gentle processing (microfiltration). Their physico-chemical properties will be characterized using chromatography (liquid and solid) and electrophoresis. Milk vesicles stability and bioactivities after different processing (e.g. pasteurization, churning, renneting) will be assed through resistance to gastro-intestinal tract, adsorption to intestinal cell and inflammation.
The study will fill the void of information regarding many underutilized ingredients and by-products of the dairy industry, such as buttermilk and whey. This project also directly addresses many aspects of sustainability for the dairy industry by providing alternative procedures to utilize waste streams with the potential of extracting or concentrating valuable components found in milk.