A variety of factors can impact health while abroad. This section covers some factors that may be common in all destinations, but travelers are encouraged to learn more about health concerns for their particular destination by:
Jet lag occurs when people traverse multiple time zones rapidly, disturbing their physiological and psychological rhythms. Some symptoms of jet lag include general discomfort, sleep disturbances, reduced mental and physical performance and irregular appetite and eating patterns. Here are a few tips to help lessen the effects of jet lag:
Travelers should be aware of the protocol for alcohol and drugs in the Ohio State Code of Student Conduct as well as any program related restrictions. The use or abuse of drugs can severely impact your health and is prohibited on Ohio State sponsored travel, and may result in the immediate dismissal from the program.
In many countries, alcohol may be consumed legally at a much younger age. Excess drinking runs contrary to a primary purpose of education abroad, to interact with the local populations and learn about a new culture. Do not operate on faulty assumptions that drinking equals culture, and engage in exploring your new environment. Excess consumption of alcohol can severely compromise one’s health. Alcohol is classified as a depressant because it slows down the central nervous system’s control of involuntary actions such as breathing and the gag reflex. Acute alcohol poisoning can occur when someone drinks too much alcohol in a short time. While abstaining or practicing moderation is the best preventative, it is important to know the signs of alcohol overdose for your own health and to respond to peers with whom you may be traveling.
Travelers are encouraged to be cautious about their sexual activity while abroad. It is important to note that HIV and other STIs are prevalent in all countries, and in some locations may be acutely higher. Sexual intercourse can also serve as a mode of transmission for various viral diseases, including the Zika virus. One cannot culturally assume that a potential partner is educated about safe sex. According to statistics gathered by International SOS, 2-10% of students acquire a Sexually Transmitted Infection or Sexually Transmitted Disease while abroad. The most reliable way to prevent infection is to not have sex (i.e., anal, vaginal or oral). If you are sexually active, we strongly recommend that you pack condoms, as condoms and other forms of birth control are not widely available in certain countries. It is also advisable to discuss vaccination for certain sexually transmitted infections as part of a medical travel consultation.
Where matters of sexual health and safety are concerned, it is critical to avoid making assumptions about how you are perceived and how you perceive others. What you might intend only as friendliness could potentially be interpreted as something significantly more serious. Similarly, it is important to make no assumptions about consent. Take the initiative to ensure that both you and your partner are mutually communicating. More information on sexual violence mitigation and survivor support is available in the traveler safety section.
Columbus is only 902 feet above sea level. Some major cities including Quito, Ecuador and La Paz, Bolivia, as well as popular travel spots such as Kilimanjaro, Tanzania and Machu Picchu, Peru are at significantly higher elevations. If you are traveling to an area with high altitudes (above 8,000 feet) you should be aware of altitude illness mitigation, symptoms and reactions.
Altitude illness is a broad term for multiple conditions, including:
Travelers with certain preexisting conditions including heart or lung disease, epilepsy, diabetes, and pregnancy, should consult a trained medical provider before traveling to high-altitude destinations.
Certain factors regarding their destination can expose travelers to risks of sun and heat exposure. Some factors that can increase sun exposure are:
It is important to immediately practice sun precaution. Do not wait until you arrive to find sunscreen with SPF 15 or higher that protects against UVA and UVB rays; purchase it before you leave and pack it (carry a 3oz supply in your carry-on toiletries.)
Heat illnesses include heat stroke, heat exhaustion, fainting, heat edema (swelling of hands, feet and ankles), heat rash and muscle cramps. Under prolonged exposure or strenuous activity, heat illness can occur quickly. Symptoms of heat illness include:
If you experience any of these symptoms during hot weather, immediately move to a cool place and drink hydrating liquids. Heat stroke is a medical emergency. If you or another traveler has a high body temperature and is either unconscious, confused or has stopped sweating, seek immediate medical attention.